Choices maketh the man; man maketh the choices. Like a perpetual circle, we choose and then get driven by our choices, leading us to a fate of chaos or happiness. The approach to finding what choices lie in how they are chosen, what values drive such choices and what we can do to make better choices can make life simpler or make us repent lesser. I have not distinguished between choices; but that we bear a sense of responsibility and obligation to ourselves and others around us makes us choose whatever we do. All of this philosophy of reasoning has been explained, largely based on academic studies and research, combining biological and psychological factors along with personal and global observations and heuristics to provide a new approach to the nature of value principles that propel our choices.
There has always been a debate of free will; whether we have a free will or, are we ruled by determinism. However, if we do have it, and I am a believer in free will based on the fact, that we mostly have choices to determine surer outcomes through interpretation and intellect. We can never be completely sure about being right and wrong, but we can be sure of how the outcome of such a choice will be viewed and judged by the society around us. We do not have a choice in the kind of air we breathe to survive, liquids to quench thirst. We serve ourselves based on availability because, in 99% of situations, it is the availability that determines the outcome, and not what we might like to be served. But what we do have in our command is the intellect to not fall prey to ignorance and pity. We can choose the kind of education we seek to pursue and the careers we love to practice. We can choose our partners in life, and even our genders in certain countries!
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We can choose the ideology we seek to practice, and all of this carries within it the baggage of consequences call fate. By putting forth a single way or the best way approach rarely works, as most might have observed from everyday life, but the blessing of a reasoning mind, either based on genetics or human intellect has always put the outcome before the action. The capability to design the outcome is human excellence and an approach that distinguishes us from other animals, which are pre-coded with outcomes to achieve in the span of a single lifetime. It may sound simple at the face of it, but in reality, choices are what make us human. Or we make the choices that define our fate and future.
We have observed the impact of human contribution, based on the choices we made at every stage and millennium. We choose anger over patience, hatred over love, or war over peace. Wanting to the one of many who question the ‘why’ that drives us to such choices, I have been able to develop a framework of value principles to understand what drives us, with a sprinkling of modern and ancient knowledge passed down from the ages by both philosophers and scientists from multipolar societies.
The reasoning function of the brain is driven by motivations based on expectations, and these motivations are delivered from a complex perspective of education, culture, priority and a state of reality. All of this appears from observation to be driven by our values. Values have been driving us since our existence, like the air we breathe to survive without realizing its presence as the reasoning behind our choices. In the process of elucidating, readers will find new insights in every chapter, some completely unknown while a few known but never viewed from a perspective that I shall produce. I have been careful to use social and heuristics-based explanations, which I am confident will convince readers to rate the arguments with positive social messaging.
One of the key principles and excitement in this book is the absence of any judgment or point-based objectivity. When we realize that we start experiencing our choices in a framework of value principles rather than ‘the right way to do things’, we can understand everything better through a unified proposition rather than the binary concepts of right and wrong. These can help leaders and teachers, politicians and honchos, lovers and believers to comprehend their choices and project them for the superlative understanding of human suffering and joy as a broader outreach.
Consequences of reading this book will, of course, help thinking a bit longer before we blame others, as we shall also be able to avoid conflict by finding happiness in our choices rather than choosing happiness for celebrating the journey called life. If we make a choice, and albeit wrong to our senses, we can still laugh and forgive ourselves, or accept our mistakes and re-build our lives around those choices, to be more honest and virtuous as an approach to contentment if we can begin by finding what we want rather than choosing among limited alternatives.
Consider the human race; we have struggled against nature to survive the diseases and viruses that caused immense misery, pain, and deaths. Nature works its ecological balance by ensuring the survival of the fittest, as we know until now. Our scientific and therapeutic endeavor has been the frontrunner in removing the human species from the curse of nature; now our race can, as a species, claim victory over nature. Or can we really avoid the principle of nature’s philosophy? We have encountered germs in every century; these are nature’s ways of maintaining harmony and balance in its entire ecosystemic balance. Nature is evolving germs to make them tougher and deadlier, and with every age comes one that has successfully wiped out a huge population; consider plague, tuberculosis, HIV, Ebola virus and pneumonia to name a few. Nature’s laws of ecological harmony will see nature developing more deadly germs in the future that will affect countries and continents as nature’s furtherance of its principle of ecosystemic balance. The tsunami, earthquakes, and tornados are nature’s direct allies, though they have caused much lesser deaths in recent years than the deadly viruses. We still do not have a cure for malignant carcinoma. Our duty is to seek this understanding and explain for ourselves the reason for such fatalities from the perspective of value principles for all entities, which provides a very potent logic for appreciating nature and the way it works in humans.
The four pillars of life as explained in Hinduism are Moksha (salvation), Artha (economics), Dharma (ethics) and Kama (sensuality). The value principles approach that I discuss and elaborate through this book provides a detailed insight that is more encompassing of the reality of the universe we inhabit; it starts with the value principles of Survival, followed by the three value principles of Ethics, Reputation and Physiologyas the majority value principles in a hierarchal flow that is followed by the minority values, which are in no particular hierarchy or order; the value principles of Culture, Happiness, Domination, and Intimacy. The value principle philosophy observes choices from the outcome motivation and not action orientation. When we make a choice, we have the outcome that delivers the rationality behind the choice; the rationality is triggered by reasons driven by value principles for optimum appeasement of what we shall hold responsibility for the reasoning behind the choice. With these closing lines, let us begin to unravel our journey from hunter-gathers eons ago to the gadget hunters of today.
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