The concept of a decision-making process is a cognitive process that leads to effective management of available alternatives to arrive at effective judgments. Decisions should be the result of rational and deliberate reasoning. Plato argued that human knowledge can be derived on the basis of reason alone using deduction and self-evident propositions. Aristotle formalized logic with logical proofs where someone could reasonably determine if a conclusion was true or false.
Decision making has typically 7 steps starting with problem identification. Next one needs to gather data and/or information to find the right alternatives for solving the problem with multiple solutions and testing them against the multiple alternatives to arrive at the most effective solution. Most job roles today require a certain decision-making capability as jobs today involve not only execution but more often than not, finding the right approach first in executing the task. Problem solving and logical thinking are two core skills that have a direct correlation to Decision making.
What is decision making?
In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action.
Small and Large Decisions
In your day-to-day life you’re likely to encounter numerous ‘small decisions’, including, for example:
Tea or coffee?
What shall I have in my sandwich? Or should I have a salad instead today?
What shall I wear today?
Larger decisions may occur less frequently but may include:
Should we repaint the kitchen? If so, what colour?
Should we relocate?
Should I propose to my partner? Do I really want to spend the rest of my life with him/her?
What is good?
Unfortunately, we all must make decisions all the time, ranging from trivial issues like what to have for lunch, right up to life-changing decisions like where and what to study, and who to marry. Being able to decide what is prudent and going ahead with it encompasses a good decision. Often, when there are multiple options, we face a dilemma of which one to choose. In such situations, it is important to make a choice that is fair and abides by principles and morals. The outcome of the decision can vary but it should not have a detrimental effect on anybody directly or indirectly related to that decision.
What is bad?
A hasty decision, taken without considering the repercussions. This happen with most of us, where we take a decision in haste without considering the implications and repercussions of the decision and later we regret that. Be it in case of investing money in shares, putting forward a challenge, borrowing money, starting a family, etc. In all of these cases we tend to haste and panic at times and that is when we make a bad decision.
What conflicts in decision?
Some people put off making decisions by endlessly searching for more information or getting other people to offer their recommendations.
Making decisions by committee is difficult. Everyone has their own views, and their own values. And while it’s important to know what these views are, and why and how they are important, it may be essential for one person to take responsibility for making a decision. Sometimes, any decision is better than none.
People are often very attached to the status quo. Decisions tend to involve the prospect of change, which many people find difficult.
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